People with Pulmonary Hypertension experience a range of symptoms that vary in intensity depending on the severity of their condition. The most common symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath (dyspnoea) with no obvious cause following exertion or even at rest.
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Dizziness especially in climbing stairs or standing up
  • Fainting (syncope), weakness upon physical exertion
  • Chest pain, especially during physical activity
  • Palpitations
  • Swollen legs and ankles
  • Cough
  • Haemoptysis


These symptoms can occur at rest or more frequently during periods of mild exercise, or simply walking around.


As the Right heart continues to fail; symptom severity increases

  • Worsening Fatigue
  • Marked ankle oedema
  • Throbbing sensation felt in the neck
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen (ascites)
  • Orthnopea
  • PND (Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea)
  • The liver may become tender
  • Lips and fingernails may take on a bluish tint (Cyanosis)
Last updated: July 24, 2012